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What is Skincare?

Skincare consists of several practices that can protect and enhance the skin. While many skincare routines focus primarily on the face, certain products help other areas of the body. There are many reasons why skincare is important and can range from treating medical conditions to reducing fine lines. Skincare is widely practiced on a global scale.

Why Use Skincare?

Skincare preserves healthier skin for longer periods of time. Skincare designed for health can include UV ray protection from sunlight as well as hydration techniques. Using cleansers and creams often help soften and moisturize the face.

When used on a regular basis, skincare can help:

  • reduce the appearance of aging
  • prevent certain skin diseases
  • boost confidence
  • mental health

Not only can a skincare regimen help prevent certain skin conditions, but it can boost confidence and lower anxiety. Many people with nightly skincare routines can feel a sense of calm from the ritual. Nighttime routines that are used consistently can also help individuals overcome insomnia.

Who Uses A Skincare Routine?

Anyone can use a skincare routine. Both adolescents and adults can benefit from extra attention to the skin.


Adolescents often use a skincare routine based around clarity and texture. Since fluctuating hormones can create acne or other facial blemishes, reducing oil from the skin can help. With proper cleansers and soap, the skin’s surface is clean enough to apply specific lotions or balms to the face. Reducing oil through skincare techniques can be done on a daily basis.


Skincare is not just a preventative measure. Applying makeup and anti-aging cream is a regular routine for many adults. When adding to the face, cleansers and moisturizers are applied before cosmetics. By following a certain order, skincare routines will not increase blemishes or clog pores. Anti-aging creams and serums containing retinol are often tailored to the individual. With different strengths and products available, there are many to choose from.


Skin is more vulnerable as we age. Protection against the sun’s rays is particularly important for the elderly population and works best when applied regularly. Certain foundations already include sunscreen, but many unscented creams also provide protection from UV rays. Hydrating the skin also becomes increasingly important. Keeping moisture inside the skin can be done with synthetic detergents if soap and water produces dryness.

Types of Skincare

1.) Cleanser. The first type of skincare product used is usually some form of a cleanser. This can be soap and water or it can be a professional cleanser to help reduce oil and acne. A cleanser should be used twice per day to prevent pores from becoming clogged.

2.) Exfoliator. An exfoliator removes dead skin cells. There are several types of exfoliators available. A chemical exfoliator that includes glycolic acid will dissolve bonds between dead cells. Once this is achieved, skin can appear more youthful. Depending on an individual’s skin type, different exfoliators are recommended for oily and dry skin.

3.) Creams. Creams will usually hydrate and treat the skin. They can reduce acne, improve texture, hydrate, or fill in fine lines. For those with uneven pigmentation, some creams can provide an even skin tone.

4.) Serum. Serums are added after the cream. These will generally contain antioxidants that help with damage from free radicals. Some serums contain anti-aging ingredients such as retinol. Retinol stimulates collagen production and often comes in different strengths. For those who have not yet used retinol, starting with a low-strength serum can prevent skin from becoming irritated.

5.) Sunscreen. Sunscreen protects the skin from harmful UV damage that can potentially lead to cancer. Applying sunscreen is recommended everyday during the summer. Some cosmetic products already contain sunscreen, but sunscreen with moisturizer is often recommended. Protecting the face with sunscreen can also combat wrinkles and a leathery skin texture.

6.) Moisturizer. Moisturizer is not the same as treatment cream. Those creams are generally applied with a specific healing purpose such as removing blackheads. A moisturizer is applied afterward to help skin stay hydrated and moisturized throughout the entire day. Moisturizer can be applied all over the body and not just the face. Some of the best moisturizers available have hyaluronic acid and glycerin.

7.) Chemical peel. Chemical peels are a form of skincare that is designed to freshen the face while reducing wrinkles. By removing a thin outer layer of skin, these peels can deeply exfoliate dead skin cells. This is a practice that is typically done once every 3-4 weeks. Skin peels are frequently administered by professionals, but there are DIY peels that can be found in specialty stores.

8.) Toner. Toner is used at the end of the day after the face has already been cleansed. Toner removes any makeup residue that has not been washed away to prevent skin irritation. This product can shrink pores and wipe away any unwanted lotions or creams that weren’t successfully extracted from a cleanser.

Skincare Is Hygienic

Basic skincare should be practiced on a daily basis. Washing the face gets rid of possible beauty products, but also cleanses grime or oil from everyday life. To have optimal skin, a basic skincare routine that includes sunscreen, cleanser, and moisturizer, should be done twice per day.

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